This report examines how a low-carbon transition in Irish transport could be better facilitated by modifications to governance institutions and the broader policy system. This research identifies three main themes that emerged from interviews with key stakeholders. The first concerns how the transport system operates, where the authors highlight complexities inherent in the sector. The second key theme concerns the drivers of the transport system. The third key theme identifies who shapes transport outcomes. Building on research findings, this report identifies a set of recommendations and poses a number of questions for stakeholders who wish to strengthen low-carbon transition in Irish transport.